1. The words of the Preacher, the son of David, king in Jerusalem.
2. Vanity of vanities, saith the Preacher, vanity of vanities; all is
3. What profit hath a man of all his labour which he taketh under the
sun? 4. One generation passeth away, and another generation cometh:
but the earth abideth for ever.
5. The sun also ariseth, and the sun goeth down, and hasteth to his
place where he arose.
6. The wind goeth toward the south, and turneth about unto the north;
it whirleth about continually, and the wind returneth again according
to his circuits.
7. All the rivers run into the sea; yet the sea is not full; unto the
place from whence the rivers come, thither they return again.
8. All things are full of labour; man cannot utter it: the eye is not
satisfied with seeing, nor the ear filled with hearing.
9. The thing that hath been, it is that which shall be; and that
which is done is that which shall be done: and there is no new thing
under the sun.
10. Is there any thing whereof it may be said, See, this is new? it
hath been already of old time, which was before us.
11. There is no remembrance of former things; neither shall there be
any remembrance of things that are to come with those that shall come
12. I the Preacher was king over Israel in Jerusalem.
13. And I gave my heart to seek and search out by wisdom concerning
all things that are done under heaven: this sore travail hath God
given to the sons of man to be exercised therewith.
14. I have seen all the works that are done under the sun; and,
behold, all is vanity and vexation of spirit.
15. That which is crooked cannot be made straight: and that which is
wanting cannot be numbered.
16. I communed with mine own heart, saying, Lo, I am come to great
estate, and have gotten more wisdom than all they that have been
before me in Jerusalem: yea, my heart had great experience of wisdom
17. And I gave my heart to know wisdom, and to know madness and
folly: I perceived that this also is vexation of spirit.
18. For in much wisdom is much grief: and he that increaseth
knowledge increaseth sorrow.